Historical Museum - Assenovgrad
Historical Museum - Assenovgrad
The Museum was founded in 1971, in a building originally constructed in 1895 as the Officers' Club. It features 1000 exhibits on an area of 200 sq.m., distributed in three exhibition halls and three sections.
The Archeology Section
The Archeology Section familiarizes the visitor with life in and around Asenovgrad since the year 7000 B.C. Stone and bone implements, objects of worship and everyday life are put on display. The Neolithic earthenware in the Museum impresses with its beauty and daring creativity. Very typical are the cult works of prehistorical sculpture and the zoomorphic vessels. There is a deershaped ceramic vessel of amazing beauty found on the territory of Mouldava village.
Stone axes with holes, flat bone idols and earthenware items illustrate the development of man during the Chalcolithic period. A clay female idol symbolizing fertility is of particular interest with its artistically and naturalistically deformed torso as an object of worship.
The Thracians of the Bessae tribe were carriers of the Bronze culture in the area of Assenovgrad. Samples of arms for defense and attack, a collection of marble votive tablets, etc. has come down to us from that epoch. A unique statuette of Thelesphorus, the health god, attracts the visitor with its enigmatic smile. The most significant vestiges of the Thracian material culture have survived from the time of the Roman conquest, when the ancient settlement of the territory of the present-day town had reached the zenith of its prosperity. A Thracian burial mound was unearthed from that time, with a four-wheel chariot and rich sepulchral accessories dated to the 1 st c. A.D.
The Middle Ages are represented with archaeological finds from the excavations of Assen's Fortress and with copies of the murals in the Bachkovo Ossuary and Assen's Fortress.
The Revival Section
In the period of the National Revival the Bulgarian population created a rich spiritual and material culture and fought for an independent Bulgarian Church and education. A proof of that freedom - loving spirit of the local people are the photographs of Bako Dincho Kouzmov, founder of the Bulgarian community; Zhelyu Tyanev, an outlaw fighting against the Turks; Oton Ivanov and Sava Katrafilov, associates of Vassil Levski; Pavel Kostov and Father Matei Tododrov, members of the Secret Revolutionary Committee.
On January 18, 1878 the victorious attack of the Russian troops led by General Viktor Deziderovich Dandevil and General Krasnov brought freedom from Ottoman domination. The injust Berlin Treaty, however, provided for a new division of the Bulgarian lands and Assenovgrad remained within the domain of Eastern Roumelia. Led by the Secret Revolutionary Committee under Nikola Krustev and priest Angel Cholakov, a 2000-strong detachment of volunteers from the Assenovgrad region set off on September 6, 1885 for Plovdiv and took part in proclaiming the Unification of Bulgaria.
The Ethnography Section
The Ethnography Section features national costumes, ornaments, fabrics and objects of everyday life, which impress with their harmonious combination of color, simplicity of form and exquisite craftsmanship. The exhibits are used for the arrangement of temporary displays of martenitsi (the red-and-white well-wishing charms worn in Bulgaria on March 1), sourvachki (the decorated cornel - tree twigs of the Bulgarian singers of Christmas carols), fabrics, knitwear, etc.
Open for visitors:
Mondays - Fridays from 8.00 a.m. to 17.00 p.m.
Closed on Saturdays and Sundays
Other places of interest in/near Assenovgrad