Pomorie, North Black Sea coast

Summer resort Pomorie-location and brief information

Spa and seaside resort Pomorie is a town and seaside resort in Southeastern Bulgaria, located on a narrow rocky peninsula at the Bourgas Bay on the southern Bulgarian Black Sea Coast. It is located in Bourgas Province 20 km from Bourgas and 18 km from Sunny Beach. The lagoon Lake Pomorie, the northernmost of the Bourgas Lakes, lies in the immediate proximity.
Pomorie spa and wellness resort is fine combination of unique nature resources and is a perfect site for all year round relaxation and medical treatment.
The town was founded in IV B.C. near the salty lake called by the ancient Thracians "sacred" because of its curative properties. Many visitors from Bulgaria and abroad visited it to benefit from the healing power of the springs which are incomparable. Pomorie Resort has a unique natural feature that makes it an attractive site for an all-year rest and treatment. The sun-kissed beaches of Pomorie encircle the Pomorie Bay.
Convenient transport links connect Pomorie with other towns and resorts. The Airport is 8 km far from Pomorie. The proximity of Sunny Beach and District Center of Bourgas provides an ample choice of entertaining opportunities.

Climate and balneology

The climate is favourable due to its continuing sunshine which reaches up to 2360 hours annually. The average temperature of the air and the water in July is 23,6°C.
It is a fact that Pomorie's firth curative mud and its properties are one of the most effective and curative in the world. There is a modern sanatorium in Pomorie coastal resort. The breakwaters out of swimming zones lead out the cold streams of the way. Shallow and level seaside bottom with slight stop without reefs and cold sea streams is safe for diving. Pomorie curative mud, extracted from the salty lake, is among the best in the world. Pomorie has won recognition as a national sea mud-medicial resort. Mud cure is complicated and many-sided.
The curative effect is a result of the complex action of chemical byological, electrodynamical and mechanical factors of the curative mud. The medical mud is sedimentary - firth, black, fat on touch, smelling of sulphur-hydrogen, and silicate - carbonate bones and low containing of gypsum.The beach is on average 5 km long and 30 m wide. It is covered with dark sand and because of this it absorbs sun rays extremely well. Today Pomorie is still one of the major Spa centers in the country and it offers a vast array of Spa treatments, curative procedures.
The sea area of the Pomorie Bay is preferred for sailing boats and the quay is praised by the fishingmen.
The Pomorie Bay is preferred for yachting, sailing and fishing. Together with wine-growing, wine-producing, production of salt, fishing and tourism Pomorie is getting more and more attractive seaside and balneological resort.

Beach

Pomorie is one the most beautiful seaside resorts, unsurpassable and extremely attractive resort and wellness centre. The coastline occupies nearly 18 700m2 as it is long about 7km. The seashore in Pomorie is low and the coastal sand contains iron, which gives it favourable medicinal properties. The shallow and smooth coastal sea bottom provides greater conditions for medicinal sea baths. The sugar coastline of Pomorie features one of the finest beaches at Bulgarian seaside. At the same time, the area is perfect for exploration as a number of protected areas are located close in the vicinities of Pomorie. The shore is low, sandy, with a fully open horizon to the east and to the west. The shallow and flat coastal line, bottom of the sea, with a slight slope and the cold sea currents make it safe for children and inexperienced swimmers.

History

Pomorie came in existence in the 5th century BC under the name of Anhialo. Written evidence says that Apolone people built up Anchialos on the North part of the Bourgas Bay in the middle of VI Century BC. Originally it served as a Greek colony of Sozopol. According to historians the name means ‘place so close to a salty lake.’ Others believe it means ‘place close to water.’ The latter gave birth to the current name of the town in 1934.
Locals got involved in salt production, fishery, wine-making and commerce. Anhialo’s wine was widely known due to its excellent quality, second to none. The traditions were preserves over the centuries and today Pomorie is the place where the finest selections of Bulgaria’s wine are produced.
It is believed that the Pomorie fortress had been situated in the sea to the North - East of a present-day town, in the region called ruin. The strategic location of the peninsula in the middle of the large Bourgas Bay determines its exciting future.
Anchialo was a center of a strategy in Odriskoto kingdom during I Century BC - I Century AD. The period of a great growth of Pomorie started when Thrace became a Roman province.
Archaeological findings proved that the resort has been well known since times past. The firth mud with which it is famed for has been used until now.

In the course of its 25th Century history Pomorie ( till 1934 - Anchialo) has had a turbulent history as it has been a Greek colony, a flourishing town in the Roman Empire, a first-rate fortress of the First Bulgarian State, witness of the fierce Anhialo Battle in 917. The town of Anhialo was plundered and destroyed by a fire in 1368. Ancient Anhialo was main supplier of salt, wine, brandy for the Ottoman Empire, had met thousands of guests from near and far places. In the end of the 5th century BC Pomorie was established as a Greek colony and for that purpose it was called ‘Anhialo’, its ancient name which was changed in 1934. Being a part of the Roman and Byzantine Empire, the town has turned into a major cultural and religious centre. During the Middle Ages warriors from Bulgaria and the Byzantine Empire fought fiercely for control over Anhialo.

In the Antiquity and the Middle Ages the main rivals of Pomorie were Nessebar to the north and Sozopol to the south. Obviously among all settlements on the Western Black Sea, Anhialo seems to be the one which carefully keeps its secrets from the past.
Over the centuries Anhialo played the role of the major Black Sea coastal cities.
During the Roman period, Anhialo has flourished the most. After the Roman Empire accepted Christianity as its religion, the town became a religious center and even started minting its own coins.
During the Ottoman rule over Bulgarian territories, the town Pomorie became well known for its thermal springs apart from wine and salt production. One legend tells how the Ottoman ruler Selim Bey settled there in the 18th century. He suffered from incurable disease that could almost have killed him.
The town became a part of Bulgaria during the reign of Khan Krum. Bulgarians and Slavs settled there.Numerous objective and subjective conditions caused its decay. Until this day the town grows as an important producer of salt, wines and other agricultural products, major center ofBalneology and Sea therapy.
Once Bulgaria has been liberated from Ottoman Yoke in 1878, Anhialo lost its status of an important trade center because of the growth of Bourgas, and it remained in the shade of Bourgas.
When Anhialo started its development as a tourism spot, its name has been changed to Pomorie.

Must see

A unique salt museum is also located in Pomorie. The municipal history museum has a big collection of over 2500 artifacts.
One of the most prominent Bulgarian writers, Peyo Yavorov, was born in Pomorie and this is the place where he found his inspiration.
Unique cultural and historic monuments are the Thracian domed tomb, the museum complex “Old Anhialo Salt”, the churches “Jesus Christ” and “Holy Virgin Mary”, the monastery “St. George” and the architectural landmark “Old Pomorie houses”. The major landmark in the town is the holy spring in the monastery “St. George”. Pomorie is the excellent choice for family holidays due to its safe and sun-kissed beach, plentiful of sunshine, interesting history and exciting monuments.