Rousse is the centre of an administrative region. It is situated on the right bank of the Danube at the mouth of the river Roussenski Lom. Rousse is the biggest Bulgarian port town on the bank of the river Danube. With the opening of the Rhein - Main - Danube canal which covers 3,500 km and connects thirteen European countries with the Near and Far East via the Black Sea, the river became the longest inland waterway on the planet.
Rousse is an ancient Bulgarian borough and a port on the river Danube. People settled here in ancient times, since the river provided a living. As seen on the prehistoric settlement hill, the people in that earliest period lived in a place with clearly distinguished residential and public buildings, streets and neighbourhoods.
During the time of the First Bulgarian state, 30 km to the south of the old Roman fortress, the mediaeval town of Cherven came into being and by Prista itself the settlement of Rusi appeared.
From earliest times its advantageous location near the river Danube has made Rousse one of the most important cultural and economic centres of Bulgaria. During the Renaissance it was a cultural centre and the centre of the national liberation movement activists in Bulgaria. A Pantheon has been constructed where the ossa of Lyuben Karavelov, Stefan Kardzha, Angel Kanchev, Zahary Stoyanov, Panayot Hitov, baba Tonka and other distinguished Bulgarians are kept.
Rousse is an old Bulgarian town with traditions in culture, art and education and with developed industry and trade. The greatest and the most important town on the river Danube was also known also as “Little Vienna”, due to its brilliant ancient architecture.
About 200 buildings in Rousse are on the list of the fund of the architectural historical heritage Bulgaria, 12 of which are especially valuable: The Old Theatre, The Monument of Liberty, The High School of Music, the Catholic Church etc. The places of interest of the town also include the Leventabia Fortress, the Mahmud Column, the St. Trinity church and the monuments to those who perished in the Serbian-Bulgarian War (1885).
The Kaliopa house was built in 1865 – 1866 and now it is a Museum of city everyday life. The author of the project is unknown, but there are some documents according to which here have worked Usta Jordan (Master Jordan) and Usta Kanio (Master Kanio). The facade is close to the Plovdiv houses and to those on the Greek and Turkish coast. The house belonged to Maria Kalish, wife of Consular Kalish. A lot of local people called her Kaliopa. After the Liberation, the local tradesman Kamburov bought the house.
In the vicinity of the town are the forest park Lipnik and the Roussenski Lom natural reserve. The Bridge of Friendship over the Danube connects Rousse with Romanian town of Gyurgevo and is the border crossing point between Bulgaria and Romania.
Bus, railway and river transport services are available. There are regular bus lines to Sofia, Varna, Pleven, Veliko Turnovo, Shoumen and a lot of other towns and villages in the country.
Russe is the initial or the final station of 2 railway lines: Russe – G. Oryahovitsa – St. Zagora – Podkova and Russe – Kaspichan – Varna. It is connected through them to the national railway network.
The river station is a big one. But there are cruises solely along the international route Russe – Belgrade – Novi Sad – Budapest – Bratislava – Vienna – Linz – Pasau. Since 1993 the ferryboat line Russe – Giurgiu has been in operation too.
Other places of interest in/near Rousse